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Manning, A. D., Lindenmayer, D. B., Nix, H. A., 2004, Continua and Umwelt: novel perspectives on viewing landscapes, OIKOS 104:3, 621-628. PDF

In the past, landscapes have often be characterised using the categorical “patch-matrix-corridor” model in which a landscape is divided into either “habitat” or “non-habitat”. However, this approach does not reflect the multi-faceted reality of landscapes. The Continua-Umwelt Model incorporates the following in order to better reflect the real world:

The Continua-Umwelt Model incorporates all of these key elements and allows the conceptualisation of multiple views and trajectories of the same landscape. The concept of Landscape Fluidity is based on the Continua-Umwelt Model.


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